Reliability and Validity of the Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire

(In author information below note differences in commas with names and degrees and
semicolons separating authors.

Jessica M. Rath, PhD, MPH, CHES; Eva Sharma, MPH; Kenneth H. Beck, PhD, FAAHB

Objectives: To establish reliability/validity of the Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire (GN-SBQ). Methods: The GN-SBQ and the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) were completed by 100 smokers. The number of cigarettes smoked, smoking duration and craving were obtained. Results: The GN-SBQ was internally consistent (Cronbach’s α = .82), temporally stable (r = .86), and uncorrelated with FTND. There was a significant main effect for craving, F(3, 73) = 14.68, p < .001, and the GN-SBQ was a significant predictor of craving levels (β = .476, p < .001). Conclusions: The GN-SBQ shows promise as a tool for distinguishing behavioral from physical nicotine dependence.
Key words: cigarette smoking; behavioral dependence; craving; smoking cessation
(Note semicolons not commas after key words.)

Jessica M. Rath, American Legacy Foundation, Department of Research and Evaluation,
Washington, DC. Eva Sharma, Faculty Research Assistant and Kenneth H. Beck, Professor,
Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD. (Note no address or zip codes.)
Correspondence Dr Rath; (Note no period after Dr)

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