Reliability and Validity of the Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire
Jessica M. Rath, PhD, MPH, CHES
Eva Sharma, MPH
Kenneth H. Beck, PhD, FAAHB
Objectives: To establish reliability/validity of the Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire (GN-SBQ). Methods: The GN-SBQ and the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) were completed by 100 smokers. The number of cigarettes smoked, smoking duration and craving were obtained. Results: The GN-SBQ was internally consistent (Cronbach’s α = .82), temporally stable (r = .86), and uncorrelated with FTND. There was a significant main effect for craving, F(3, 73) = 14.68, p < .001, and the GN-SBQ was a significant predictor of craving levels (β = .476, p < .001). Conclusions: The GN-SBQ shows promise as a tool for distinguishing behavioral from physical nicotine dependence.
Key words: cigarette smoking; behavioral dependence; craving; smoking cessation (NOTE: Separate keywords with semicolons.)
Jessica M. Rath, American Legacy Foundation, Department of Research and Evaluation, Washington, DC. Eva Sharma, Faculty Research Assistant and Kenneth H. Beck, Professor, Maryland School of Public Health, College Park, MD. (NOTE: No addresses here.)
Correspondence Dr Rath; firstname.lastname@example.org (NOTE: No period after Dr)