An Open Access article published in the Health Behavior and Policy Review Journal.
The full article is available as a PDF download.


Rebecca S. Merkin, PhD Twitter
Sigmund Shipp, PhD


We identified predictors of educational discrimination among all races with a particular focus on the understudied white male population that has a lower socioeconomic status (SES).


Employment of Bourdieu’s cultural capital theoretical framework, HSLS data, and hierarchical regression modeling, underlie this study that explored predictors of educational discrimination.


Playing sports does not impact experiences with educational discrimination. The higher the SES, the less likely people are discriminated against overall (r = -.20; p < .001) and in honor cultures (r = -.30; p < .001), but not in non-honor cultures. One- versus 2-parent homes, and the number of children a respondent has had no impact on perceived discrimination. Across all models, black, LatinX, and students of other races experience greater educational discrimination than their white peers. Members of all races in honor cultures experience educational discrimination. However, this relationship is also moderated by SES in that lower- income white honor culture males experience greater educational discrimination than their higher- income counterparts.


Findings indicate that low SES is prominent in educational discrimination; consequently, inclusion programs to increase educational opportunities, as identified in Healthy People 2030, to help children and adolescents do well in school are warranted.

Source: Health Behavior and Policy Review, Volume 9, Number 4, July 2022, pp. 961-971(11)
Publisher: Paris Scholar Publishing Ltd.